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Index= 39 Title=High Heels High-heeled shoes slant the foot forward and down while bending the toes up. The more that the feet are forced into this position, the more it may cause the Achilles tendon to shorten.[16] This may cause problems when the wearer chooses lower heels or flat-soled shoes. When the foot slants forward, a much greater weight is transferred to the ball of the foot and the toes, increasing the likelihood of damage to the underlying soft tissue that supports the foot. In many shoes, style dictates function, either compressing the toes or forcing them together, possibly resulting in blisters, corns, hammer toes, bunions (hallux valgus), Morton's neuroma, plantar fasciitis and many other medical conditions, most of which are permanent and require surgery to alleviate the pain. High heels – because they tip the foot forward – put pressure on the lower back by making the rump push outwards, crushing the lower back vertebrae and contracting the muscles of the lower back. If it is not possible to avoid high heels altogether, it is suggested that the wearer spend at least a third of the time they spend on their feet in contour-supporting "flat" shoes (such as exercise sandals), or well-cushioned "sneaker-type" shoes, saving high heels for special occasions. One of the most critical problems of high-heeled-shoe design involves a properly constructed toe-box. Improper construction here can cause the most damage to one's foot. Toe-boxes that are too narrow force the toes to be "crammed" too close together. Ensuring that room exists for the toes to assume a normal separation so that high-heel wear remains an option rather than a debilitating practice is an important issue in improving the wearability of high-heeled fashion shoes. Wide heels do not necessarily offer more stability, and any raised heel with too much width, such as found in "blade-" or "block-heeled" shoes, induces unhealthy side-to-side torque to the ankles with every step, stressing them unnecessarily, while creating additional impact on the balls of the feet. Thus, the best design for a high heel is one with a narrower width, where the heel is closer to the front, more solidly under the ankle, where the toe box provides room enough for the toes, and where forward movement of the foot in the shoe is kept in check by material snug across the instep, rather than by the toes being rammed forwards and jamming together in the toe box or crushed into the front of the toe box. Despite the medical issues surrounding high-heel wear, a few podiatrists recommend well-constructed low to moderate heels for some patients[citation needed]. It appears a slight elevation of the heel improves the angle of contact between the metatarsals and the horizontal plane, thereby more closely approximating the proper angle and resulting in proper weight distribution of a medium-to-high-arched foot. Other foot specialists, however, argue that any heel causes unnecessary stresses on the various bones and joints of the foot. In the publication, the study results of Cerruto et al. show that in both incontinent and continent young women (<50 yr old) an ankle plantar flexion might cause a posterior pelvic tilt that is able to maintain a pelvic muscle tone. Comparison with previous study results[18] shows that the pelvic muscle tone induced by wearing heels is comparable with that from wearing flat moccasins, but enhancing the contractile power of the pelvic musculature actively. During the study various shoe sizes and heel heights were investigated, measuring the maximal pelvic floor muscle activity (in µV) for shoe sizes 37–41 (US size 5.5–9.5) and heel heights from 0 (flat moccasins) to 7 centimeters.[17] Based on study results, Cerruto et al. conclude that heels might affect female pelvic floor muscle activity, reducing myofascial pelvic pain, relaxing the pelvic floor, and improving pelvic organ well-being. Feminist attitudes towards high heels The high heel has been a central battleground of sexual politics ever since the emergence of the women's liberation movement of the 1970s. Many second-wave feminists rejected what they regarded as constricting standards of female beauty, created for the subordination and objectifying of women and self-perpetuated by reproductive competition and women's own aesthetics.[19] Some feminists[who?] argue that the high heels were designed to make women helpless and vulnerable, perpetuating the gender role of males as protectors of the slowly staggering women. High heels have also been blamed for reducing the woman to a sex object by sacrificing practical comfort in favour of an alleged increase in sex appeal.[citation needed] Some second-wave feminists, such as Judy Grahn, have tied high heels to menstruation rituals that various cultures have used.[clarification nee High-heeled footwear (often abbreviated as high heels or simply heels) is footwear that raises the heel of the wearer's foot significantly higher than the toes. When both the heel and the toes are raised equal amounts, as in a platform shoe, it is technically not considered to be a high heel; however, there are also high-heeled platform shoes. High heels tend to give the aesthetic illusion of longer, more slender legs. High heels come in a wide variety of styles, and the heels are found in many different shapes, including stiletto, pump (court shoe), block, tapered, blade, and wedge. According to high-fashion shoe websites like Jimmy Choo and Gucci, a "low heel" is considered less than 2.5 inches (6.4 centimeters), while heels between 2.5 and 3.5 inches (6.3 and 8.9 cm) are considered "mid heels", and anything over that is considered a "high heel". The apparel industry would appear to take a simpler view; the term "high heels" covers heels ranging from 2 to 5 inches. Extremely high-heeled shoes, such as those exceeding 6 inches, strictly speaking, are no longer considered apparel but rather something akin to "jewelery for the feet". They are worn for display or the enjoyment of the wearer.[1] Although high heels are now usually worn only by girls and women, there are shoe designs worn by both genders that have elevated heels, including cowboy boots and Cuban heels. In previous ages, men also wore high heels. Contents High Heels | Overstock.com: Buy Women's High Heel Shoes Online Buy brand-name Women's High Heels for everyday discount prices on Overstock.com! $2.95 shipping and product reviews on High Heels. www.overstock.com/Clothing-Shoes/Heels/1952/subcat.html - Cached High Heels, High Heel Shoes - Make Me Chic From white weddings to high school proms to sultry nights out on the town, a great pair of high heel shoes can make or break any outfit. Whether you are dressing up a ... www.makemechic.com/c-60-high-heels.aspx - Cached High Heels, Sexy Shoes and Sexy Boots from The High Heel Shoe ... Sexy high heels, high heel boots, fetish heels, boots, Ballet heels, prom shoes, Gothic footwear and other high heel shoes. www.thehighheelstore.com - Cached High-heeled footwear - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Precursors to the...|Contemporary...|Types of high...|Men and heels High- heeled footwear (often abbreviated as high heels or simply heels) is footwear that raises the heel of the wearer's foot significantly higher than the toes. When ... en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High-heeled_footwear - Cached. More results from en.wikipedia.org » High Heels Fashion at High.Heels.com Nothing says your ready to party like a pair of beautiful bedazzled heels (or flats). While these sparkly stilettos may not be meant for everyday office wear, they ... high.heels.com - Cached In 2008, Cerruto et al. reported results that suggest that wearing high heels may improve the muscle tone of a woman's pelvic floor, thus having a potential effect on female stress urinary incontinence. [17] In the original publication, the principal author, Dr. Maria Angela Cerruto of the Department of Biomedical and Surgical Sciences, Urology Clinic, University of Verona, Italy, writes that with her publication she wants to respond to an earlier article in the Daily Mail (29 October 2007) concerning the hypothesis that heeled footwear might cause schizophrenia. I do not have the skills to refute or confirm this hypothesis, but as a woman reading nonscientific papers, I remain astonished in the face of bizarre medical theories published in nonscientific journals in the absence of any scientific filter or key reading, because they might be misunderstood. [...] I am a urologist and I collaborate with physiatrists, with the aim of better understanding the relationship between posture and pelvic floor muscle activity in women with and without stress urinary incontinence.[17] In the publication, the study results of Cerruto et al. show that in both incontinent and continent young women (<50 yr old) an ankle plantar flexion might cause a posterior pelvic tilt that is able to maintain a pelvic muscle tone. Comparison with previous study results[18] shows that the pelvic muscle tone induced by wearing heels is comparable with that from wearing flat moccasins, but enhancing the contractile power of the pelvic musculature actively. During the study various shoe sizes and heel heights were investigated, measuring the maximal pelvic floor muscle activity (in µV) for shoe sizes 37–41 (US size 5.5–9.5) and heel heights from 0 (flat moccasins) to 7 centimeters.[17] Based on study results, Cerruto et al. conclude that heels might affect female pelvic floor muscle activity, reducing myofascial pelvic pain, relaxing the pelvic floor, and improving pelvic organ well-being. I like heeled shoes and although they are sometimes uncomfortable, I continue to wear them in an effort to appear more slender and taller.[17] Index= 39 Title=Electricy [] Electricy magnetism voltage electronics electric current electromagnetism TRENDING SEARCHES business electricity prices electricity rates FILTER BY TIME Sponsored Results4.1¢ Texas Electric Rates Get Low Rates When You Switch or Get New Service. Rewards. www.BounceEnergy.com More Sponsors:electricy, solar energy, energy efficiency, save electricityIncluding results for electricity Show only electricy .Search resultsElectricity - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia History|Concepts|Electric circuits|Production and uses Electricity is the science, engineering, technology and physical phenomena associated with the presence and flow of electric charges. Electricity gives a wide variety ... en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electricity - Cached. More results from en.wikipedia.org » Electricity - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Energy Information Administration - EIA - Official Energy Statistics from the U.S. Government www.eia.gov/electricity - Cached HowStuffWorks "How Electricity Works" Electricity surrounds us and can be used thousands of different ways. Learn about the basics of electricity, from generators and electrical circuits to voltage and ... science.howstuffworks.com/electricity - Cached Electricity Maine - Enroll and Save on your Electric Bill Enroll Now and Save. Choose Electricity Maine as your competitive energy provider and let us go to work for you and save you money. www.electricityme.com - Cached electricity - definition of electricity by the Free Online ... e·lec·tric·i·ty (-l k-tr s-t, l k-) n. 1. a. The physical phenomena arising from the behavior of electrons and protons that is caused by the attraction of ... www.thefreedictionary.com/electricity - Cached More results from thefreedictionary.com » Electricity - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Electricity in...|Electric current|Methods of... Electricity is a type of energy found in nature. It consists of electrons, and there is electricity in nature as well as electricity that is man-made. Scientists have ... simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electricity - Cached. Electricity for kids - and everyone else: A simple introduction! A simple introduction to electricity and electromagnetism, including a timeline and further reading. www.explainthatstuff.com/electricity.html - Cached The Power to Choose Energy | Compare Texas Electricity Rates ... Enjoy the right to choose your Texas electricity rates. We provide rates from different providers and help you compare electric companies in Texas. www.chooseenergy.com - Cached Mercy Hospital & Medical Center Purchases Electricity ... June 12, 2012 08:01 ET. Mercy Hospital & Medical Center Purchases Electricity, Natural Gas and Green Power Through World Energy Solutions . Not-for-Profit Hospital ... www.marketwire.com/press-release/mercy-hospital-medical... - Cached Electricity | Buzzle.com Electricity Electricity is now a necessity for mankind. An hour of power cut can make our lives go hay-wire. Depending on the source of production, electricity can be ... www.buzzle.com/articles/electricity - Cached More results from buzzle.com » Sponsored Results4.1¢ Texas Electric Rates Get Low Rates When You Switch or Get New Service. Rewards. www.BounceEnergy.com Texas Electricity Rates Shop Great Low Rates From Electricity Providers In Texas & Order Today! www.ElectricChoiceForTexas.com What Is Electricity Get Answers Faster at Ask.com. Try It Now! Ask.com Local Electricity Prices Find Electricity Prices Near You. See Actual Customer Reviews! Local.com More Sponsors:electricy, solar energy, energy efficiency, save electricity, electric companySponsored Results Texas Electricity Rates Shop Great Low Rates From Electricity Providers In Texas & Order Today! www.ElectricChoiceForTexas.com What Is Electricity Get Answers Faster at Ask.com. Try It Now! Ask.com Local Electricity Prices Find Electricity Prices Near You. See Actual Customer Reviews! Local.com Measure Power Use at Home Plug meters, whole house meters Order online or call toll free! PowerMeterStore.com Payless Power Pre & Post-pay Electric Pre Or Post-pay Electricity With Payless Citysearch.com/PaylessPower The Electricity Bill Our Electric Saver For $399 Cuts Bills In Half. Amazing Sale www.SaferWholesale.com Washington DC Utilities Find Washington DC Utilities. Trusted yellow page listings! www.LocalGuides.com/DC_Yellow_Pages Target.com: Official Site Find Great Savings Online. Shop Target.com www.Target.com More Sponsors:electricy solar energy energy efficiency save electricity electric company solar electric Saving electricity is as important as caring the safety of our earth. The more electricity we save, the less our government will save the use of gas and oil. Right from the warm hug at Treehugger, I found this piece of environment safety power strip. Its main ability is to save you up to 70% of your electricity bills which makes you become the part of earth-savior for the better future for your children. Other feature that includes into CheckTap Power Strip is that you can actually monitor your power usage using the built-in feature which will be displayed on the Software that comes along with CheckTap. check out more detail on the following video: Nuclear power plants smaller than a garden shed and able to power 20,000 homes will be on sale within five years, say scientists at Los Alamos, the US government laboratory which developed the first atomic bomb. The miniature reactors will be factory-sealed, contain no weapons-grade material, have no moving parts and will be nearly impossible to steal because they will be encased in concrete and buried underground. The US government has licensed the technology to Hyperion, a New Mexico-based company which said last week that it has taken its first firm orders and plans to start mass production within five years. 'Our goal is to generate electricity for 10 cents a kilowatt hour anywhere in the world,' said John Deal, chief executive of Hyperion. 'They will cost approximately $25m [£16m] each. For a community with 10,000 households, that is a very affordable $2,500 per home.' Deal claims to have more than 100 firm orders, largely from the oil and electricity industries, but says the company is also targeting developing countries and isolated communities. 'It's leapfrog technology,' he said. The company plans to set up three factories to produce 4,000 plants between 2013 and 2023. 'We already have a pipeline for 100 reactors, and we are taking our time to tool up to mass-produce this reactor.' The first confirmed order came from TES, a Czech infrastructure company specialising in water plants and power plants. 'They ordered six units and optioned a further 12. We are very sure of their capability to purchase,' said Deal. The first one, he said, would be installed in Romania. 'We now have a six-year waiting list. We are in talks with developers in the Cayman Islands, Panama and the Bahamas.' The reactors, only a few metres in diameter, will be delivered on the back of a lorry to be buried underground. They must be refuelled every 7 to 10 years. Because the reactor is based on a 50-year-old design that has proved safe for students to use, few countries are expected to object to plants on their territory. An application to build the plants will be submitted to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission next year. 'You could never have a Chernobyl-type event - there are no moving parts,' said Deal. 'You would need nation-state resources in order to enrich our uranium. Temperature-wise it's too hot to handle. It would be like stealing a barbecue with your bare hands.' Other companies are known to be designing micro-reactors. Toshiba has been testing 200KW reactors measuring roughly six metres by two metres. Designed to fuel smaller numbers of homes for longer, they could power a single building for up to 40 years. • This article was amended on Monday November 11 2008. $25m divided by 10,000 is $2,500 not $250. This has been changed. • This article was amended on Sunday November 16 2008. Editing errors above resulted in our reporting that 'scientists at Los Alamos' say that nuclear power plants smaller than a garden shed and able to power 20,000 homes will be on sale by 2013. This was actually announced by Hyperion Power Generation, the company that will make the reactors. They licensed the technology from Los Alamos. Editing errors also led us to claim that the $25m [£13m] reactors cost a community with 10,000 households, 'a very affordable $250 per home'. That's actually £16m, not £13m, and $2,500, not $250. Hyperion CEO John Deal told us that he hoped to produce electricity for '10 cents per watt anywhere in the world,' but has since amended that to '10 cents per kilowatt hour'. The numerical errors have been corrected. About renewable energy ¦What is renewable energy? Renewable energy converts natural sources like wind into electricity. Choosing a renewable electricity plan lets you do your part in preserving natural resources, reducing emissions, and supporting a domestic industry that’s creating American jobs. Return to top of page ¦What renewable energy plans does NextEra Energy Services offer? When you select a NextEra Wind Power plan, you’re choosing to power your home with clean, efficient, renewable wind energy. Return to top of page ¦How much more does renewable energy cost? Although the exact rate per kilowatt hour may vary based on demand and geographic area, you can expect rates on NextEra Wind Power plans to be about 1 percent higher. So if you use 1,000 kilowatt hours each month, you might pay only about $10 more to power your home with 100% renewable energy. Return to top of page Your electricity service ¦Who do I call if I have an emergency or power outage? Contact your local utility company to report emergencies or outages; you’ll find their phone number on your electricity bill. Return to top of pageIndex= 39 Title=Home Builder & Appliance Ratings - Studies - Articles | J.D. Power [] Most Common Sources of Air Infiltration: Bypasses (attic access door, recessed lighting, plumbing stacks, dropped soffits, open frame construction, duct penetrations, electrical penetrations, etc.) in the attic floor regardless of the presence of insulation, which by itself is not an air barrier. If you see dirty insulation, air is getting through. Between foundation and rim joist Crawl spaces Around the attic hatch Between the chimney and drywall Chimney flue Electrical and gas service entrances Start With an Energy Audit Energy audits provide the best way to identify air leaks in your home. While some utilities and local governments offer free audits, it may be worth the expense of hiring a professional energy auditor to do a comprehensive assessment. This comprehensive audit will go beyond identifying obvious energy upgrades and will create a roadmap of where and how to best make improvements in your home. This is even more critical with historic homes because air sealing can dramatically alter how moisture moves through the structure. Choose a company whose employees understand older buildings. Also look for companies that are not interested in selling a product– like windows or new HVAC systems. Although the audit might reveal these upgrades are warranted, product-centered companies like to sell their product first! A typical comprehensive audit will take about two or three hours and may cost several hundred dollars depending on the complexity of your home. This is usually money well spent, especially with more challenging homes that will require a systems approach in making upgrades. Be ready with the last twelve months of your utility bills to share with the auditor. During the audit, the auditor will perform a variety of tests. One test, known as the blower door test, involves a strong fan being placed in an exterior doorway to depressurize the house and identify air leaks. Air leaks also can be found by using an infrared temperature sensor to detect changes in temperature near suspected leaking areas. More information on blower door tests>> Even if you do your own basic energy audit, it's important to establish a baseline for your energy usage so that you know if the changes you make are effective, and to calculate your payback analysis. You can establish a benchmark for your energy usage by analyzing your energy bills for the last twelve months (or longer if available). For more on how to calculate a benchmark for your home's energy efficiency, see the worksheet in the Helpful Tips & Resources section. Top of page Air Seal Tip! A gap of just 1/8 of an inch under a 36-inch door lets in as much air as having a 2.4 inch wide hole in the wall. Since people often adjust the thermostat and leave heat running longer when they feel a draft, preventing air infiltration can greatly reduce energy usage. Sealing up those cracks will make you feel comfortable and keep more money in your pocket. Remember for every cubic foot of heated or cooled air (that you have paid to condition) that leaves your house, one cubic foot of outside air enters! Looking for just one thing you can do to improve your home's energy efficiency? Significantly reduce air infiltration. Gaps or cracks in a building's exterior envelope of foundation, walls, roof, doors, windows, and especially "holes" in the attic floor can contribute to energy costs by allowing conditioned air to leak outside. Most Common Sources of Air Infiltration:Warm climates: Houses were built to minimize the heat gain from the summer sun by introducing exterior balconies, porches, wide roof overhangs, awnings, and shade trees. Vents and shutters let air circulate while keeping out the hot sun. Exterior walls were also frequently finished with light colors in order to reflect the sun, helping to keep interior temperatures lower. On the inside, high ceilings allow hot air to rise and transom windows above doors promote air circulation. Chimneys are more commonly found on the outside walls to minimize heating the interior. Colder Climates: In the northeast, saltbox-style houses were positioned so that the long slope of the roof directed the cold north wind up and over the house to keep the house warmer in winter. House and outbuildings were grouped in an L or U-shape to create a sheltered dooryard in which to work. In areas where the winters are cold, chimneys typically run through the center of the house to allow the heat to radiate into the rooms. Walls: Thick masonry or adobe walls work in both warm and cooler climates. The walls provide thermal mass to absorb the sun's energy during the day and transfer it very slowly to the interior. This helps keep the interior cool during the day and warmer in the evening as the heat works its way through the walls. Although these features are not present in all historic homes, most older houses incorporate at least one of these passive or manual systems, helping reduce the need for mechanized heating, cooling, and ventilation. Owners of older and historic homes can continue to use these practical features as they were originally intended, or rediscover them, making use of their great energy-saving potential. Do you live in a historic home? Are you wondering how to lower your energy bills without losing features that give your house its character? Are you concerned about how your decisions might affect the long-term maintenance or condition of your home? This guide is designed to help you make decisions about how to increase your home's energy performance in a way that maximizes energy savings while preserving the historic character of your home. Historic homes were constructed using different techniques and materials than most modern structures. They were typically built with environmentally-friendly features such as: Thick walls Light-reflecting finishes Operable windows and shutters Vents Awnings and porches to provide shade Locally-sourced materials Older homes can be made more energy efficient. They simply need to be treated with a thoughtful, whole-house approach. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Maximize Your Home's Original Energy Saving Features Historic homes have many inherent sustainable features. Before the middle of the twentieth century, most homeowners couldn't rely on comprehensive and fully automated, controlled, and mechanized heating, cooling and ventilation systems, because they did not yet exist. Instead, these buildings incorporated a number of passive or manual features that responded to the need for heating, cooling, and ventilation. Home Improvement: Improve Your Home's Energy Efficiency with ENERGY STAR Making your home more energy efficient with ENERGY STAR can help to reduce high energy bills, improve comfort and help to protect the environment. Improving energy efficiency is also an important first step for homeowners interested in green remodeling. ENERGY STAR can guide you in making your home more efficient — whether you do-it-yourself or hire a qualified professional. Homes J.D. Power and Associates home ratings are your guide to finding which home improvement companies, major appliances, and utilities ranked highest in J.D. Power consumer studies. All Power Circle Ratings are based on the opinions of a sample of consumers who have used or owned the product or service being rated and are therefore indicative of a typical buying experience. 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